This page lists organisation hosting open content and curated links to sources of open content to make them easy to find, access and use. Some of the links are likely to be referenced elsewhere in the toolkit, one one or more resources or examples. The purpose of this section is not to provide a detailed commentary on the resources, but some basic contextual information. Of course you are welcome to add more comment and detail. The sources cover archives, projects and organisations developing and hosting content.

This is an ever expanding list so if you know of any resources are not listed here please let us know or even better; add the links to this page and re-categorise, add new categories as appropriate or discuss in detail in the discussions below.

  • Cultural and heritage organisations,
  • Individual Galleries, Libraries and Museums
  • Open content repositories and archives
  • Repositories and archives that include Open Content
  • Curation tools and services
  • Public bodies and governmental organisations
  • Scientific organisations and archives
  • OER (Open Educational Resources) specific repositories
  • Non profit and crowd-sourced repositories
  • Individual Curators and Collectors of Content
    These cover everything from a historical studies, local data, personal content, ephemera and can be invaluable sources
    Caveat! There is the possibility that some curators in the last category may be (inadvertently) applying Creative Commons licences to content that they do not (legally) own -

Finally, the Deep Web
  • then there are those resources that cannot easily be discovered using simple web searches Sarah Perez refers to those as the Deep Web (not to be confused with the Dark Web). It is probable many of the above sources will also be found in the deep web.

Categorised list below
Some Key Organisations managing/hosting content
Open Glam(Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museum) is committed to a commons for everyone to use and access resources in Museums and Galleries, check for new resources, news and workshops.
Open Knowledge Foundation Open Knowledge is a worldwide non-profit network of people passionate about openness.
Wikimedia FoundationThe Wikimedia Foundation operates and manages some of the largest collaboratively edited projects in the world, including Wikipedia.
Creative Commons Creative Commons licences have been responsible for transforming the way we can use digital .resources.
Creative Commons Education Guidance and case studies in using Creative Commons in education.
Getty Trust Open Content Program Over 87,000 images from the Getty Museums, and Getty Research Institute, (Note! Please be aware, this is not Getty Images s a common source of news and public media images.
Europeana provides access to millions of books, paintings, films, museum objects and archival records that have been digitised throughout Europe. Now with a beautiful redesigned interface and excellent search tools including licence and copyright information as not all Europeana content is open.
Google Cultural Institute not open but significant in that is shows the potential off high quality interactive resources - recently some CC licensed collections have been added to the resources.
Open Music Library a new initiative from Alexander Street to build the world’s most comprehensive open network of digital resources for the study of music. Curated by a community of music scholars, it brings together peer-reviewed journal articles, books and scores from the world’s best digital collections.

Some Key Open Content repositories
Lane Hartwell - CC BY-SA 3.0

Wikimedia Commons Is the repository that stores the media and date that is used across the Wikimedia projects, links to high quality content and 'Picture of the Day"
Flickr Commons Flickr Commons host photographic collections from major cultural institutions, with 'no known copyright restrictions'.
Internet Archive A vast portal to text, image, audio, video and web resources.
Project Gutenberg46,000 free ebooks or online, many illustrated.
Comic Book Plusa historically significant archive, of well known and not so well known comic characters - free and legal to use.
Shared Shelf Commons (Artstor) is a free, open-access library of images from museums, archives and libraries around the world.
Illustration Archive The Archive was created as a result of the lost Visions Project at Cardiff University, it features images from 18th and 19th Century books. The archive invites visitors to Tag the images using a slick visual tagging tool.

Individual libraries and Museums
British Library Illuminated Manuscripts

British Library High resolution Illuminated Manuscripts (see the glossary for a quick introduction to understanding the manuscript styles and idioms.
British Library Over one million images in the public domain added to by the British Library to Flickr Commons.
Rijksmuseum high resolution images and remixing tools.
National Gallery of Art over 43,000 open access digital images of artworks.
Museum of New Zealand 30,000 high resolution artefacts from New Zealand.
The Davison Art Center at Wesleyan University over 24,000 high -resolution prints, photographs, and other works of art.
Cambridge Digital Library Over 23800 hi-resolution artefacts about discoveries and ideas covering past 2 millennia.
Walters Art Museum - Over 20,000 high resolution collections image openly licensed on website & Wikimedia Commons
New York Public Library, Public Domain Collection - The Library has now made over 180,000 items in the public domain available for reuse. Site includes an experimental visual search tool.
York Museums Trust Collections a
LACMA Los Angeles County Museum of Art: Over 20,000 items in the public domain
VillaNova Digital Library Villanova Universities
Digital Library initiative assembles, presents, and preserves digital collections that support the teaching and research

Repositories and archives that include Open Content
Flickr CC categorised by licence - all Flickr images licensed as Creative Commons.
The Public Domain Project Pond5 Pond5's primary business is a 'fair' commercial marketplace for quality media content, but their Public Domain project offers thousands of historic media files for with unrestricted use for creative projects. You need to register an account to download.
Open Marginalis is a selection of digitized medieval manuscript to guide new users to open collections for casual and scholarly use.

Curated Collections and repositories
David Rumsey Map Collection an amazing collection over 150,000 very high resolution historical maps, charts and diagrams.
Public Domain Review an online journal showcasing the richness and variety of content in the public domain.
Folger Shakespeare Library Using a similar interface to the Rumsey Maps, the library enables access to tens of thousands of high resolution images of Shakespeare related artefacts from the, including books, theatre memorabilia, manuscripts, and art.
BT Digital Archives - An internationally significant archive of over 45,000 images pus 420,000 documents and files on the history of Telecommunications.
Turning the Pages Developed from the original British Library virtual book interface, gallery includes digitized images of rare and beautiful historic books in the biomedical sciences
Portable Antiquities Scheme a DCMS funded project to encourage the voluntary recording of archaeological objects found by members of the public in England and Wales includes medieval and Roman coins, jewellery etc.
Victorian Illustrated Shakespeare Archive. Created By Michael Goodman. 1000s of illustrations hyperlinked to plays, phrases and characters abstracted from original texts. Includes original images as well.
Osher Map Library, University of Southern Maine. Historic maps CC BY SA/

Public bodies and governmental organisations
Credit: NASA

(NASA) The definitive portal for authentic Space, and Astronomy. Includes high quality images and video from space missions, the Hubble telescope and more. All NASA media is in the Public Domain.
ESA (European Space Agency) images and data now available under a Creative Commons CC BY SA Licence
CERN CC Licenced Images from the Large Hadron Collider Project
European Southern Observatory ESO High resolution astronomical and cosmological images and videos with a CC licence

Scientific organisations and archives
Thomas Shahan. CC BY

Encyclopaedia of Lifeor (EOL) is a free scientific collaborative online resource bringing together information about all life on Earth including text, images, video, sounds, maps, classifications and more.
"Wellcome Images from "medicine to magic" this is a rich and unique collection, with themes ranging from medical and social history to contemporary healthcare and biomedical science. See also the CC licensed videos on Wellcome Trust YouTube Channel

Open repositories and projects including OER
Jorum Is a repository for free open educational resources (OER) shared and created under CC licenses by those who teach or create content for the further and higher education communities in the UK.
Serendipity is an OER (Open Educational Resources) search engine based on Semantic Web Technologies - searches are returned on a world OER Map
OER Research Hub
Europeana Dataset of over 30 Million records linked to portals and APIs.

Resources specifically designed for schools
NEN Gallery A gallery of images from The National Education Network submitted by teachers and students, and categorised both for curriculum use and subject matter.

Projects and Initiatives

Art Up Your Tab - a browser extension for Chrome that loads up a new image from the Europeana collections every time you open a new tab
The European Library - Historic Newspapers
Open Education Working Group
Rijkstudio lets you to download, edit and remix high resolution artworks from the Rijksmuseum. You can even create commercial artefacts.
Public Domain Superheroes
GLAM-Wiki - Wikimedia partnerships with GLAMs
Commons Machinery
HistoryPin includes open content in contextual capacity.
Wikipedia Education Project a guide and tips for editing Wikipedia
Wikijunior Open books for pre-school and school age children richly illustrated with photographs, diagrams, sketches.
OpenSpires is a collection of open projects and resources from the University of Oxford, includes podcasts, educational materials and complete digital archives.
Geograph Britain & Ireland this project collects and curates photographs for every square km. of Britain and Ireland. Photos CC licensed

Individual curators and archivists
Whats that Picture? Large open collection by James Morley - help identify the locations
X Ray Delta (James Vaughan) The American Dream
Jan Willemsen Historical documents, photos and ephemera from the Netherlands
Their History (Philip Howard) A personally curated collection of photos from children's homes and thirteen schools
brizzle born and bred (Paul Townsend) "The social history of Bristol, England is brought to life with striking visual impact in these photographs"
BiblioOdessey (Paul K) blog which features annotated content scanned by author from rare posters, illustrations and books, also available on the author's Flickr Photostream

By Media type:

Flickr Creative Commons Includes data on the number of images available under each CC licence type
Internet Archive Book Images
Unsplash High quality and resolution 'stock' photos - landscapes, objects, all licenced with a Creative Commons CC0 licence, updated regularly
PixaBay - High quality and resolution 'stock' images all licenced with a Creative Commons CC0 licence

WikiMini Stock open images for the very young and not so young
Public Domain Project by Pond5 nearly 65,000 image files
Nomad Pictures : all published photos are published are licensed under Creative Commons Zero CC0

Jamendo (Music)
FMA (Free Music Archive - check individual licences and use)
Freesoundis a collaborative database of Creative Commons Licensed sounds. Browse, download and share sound.
Community Audio Internet Archive Past and contemporary audio clips.
CC Mixter" 2,000 original acappellas and 10,000 samples all licensed under Creative Commons.
NASA SoundCloud Account authentic original audio from recent and historic space missions.
Public Domain Project by Pond5 over 400 Classical, Folk and Spiritual audio files
The Great 78 Project over 25,000 classic 78RPM and cylinder recordings including classics from many genres

Moving Image
Internet Archive A vast collection of contemporary and historic films and videos including, news, documentary, lifestyle, music, animations and ephemera.
Open Images Open Images from the Netherlands is an open media platform that offers online access to audiovisual archive material from across Europe to stimulate creative reuse.
British Council: The British Council Film Collection is an archive of over 120 short documentary films made by the British Council during the 1940s designed to show the world how Britain lived.
Vimeo Creative Commons Licensed works Over 4 million, mainly contemporary, films and videos available for reuse - covering the full range of Creative Commons and Public Domain licences.
Mazwai:free Creative Commons HD video clips & footage including slow motion and other special effects.
Florida MemoryHistorical films covering the social and political life of Florida.
EUscreen provides online access to thousands of items of audiovisual heritage, some under Creative Commons licences; clips that provide an insight into the social, cultural, political and economic events that have shaped the 20th and 21st centuries. Please check individual licences.
Public Domain Project by Pond5 over 9,770 historic moving image files

3D Models and other visualisations
Sketchfab have lots of 3D models files, which can be downloaded under a Creative Commons Licence. (See modelling examples)
Public Domain Project by Pond5 currently 121 space themed downloadable 3D Model files

Bauhaus Monskop recently digitised by Bibliotheque Kandinsky this is a collection of high quality and seminal art books and texts by Piet Mondrian, Walter Gropius, Paul Klee, and other leading Bauhaus artists - available as pdf downloads for fair use only - but added here for reference(Art & Design)
Punch was a was a long-running 19th and 20th century British magazine known for its humour, satire, and cartoons, this archive has downlaods of the magazine from 1841 -1922

Other lists of media
beyond4walls / Legally Reusable Media